Regulations on explosives
The supply on the market, manufacture, storage, holding, sale, transport and use of explosives is subject to regulations. These are based on the following texts:
- the Law of 28 May 1956 on explosive substances and those susceptible to deflagrate, and on devices loaded with them;
- the Code of Economic Law;
- the Royal Decree of 23 September 1958 on the general regulations on the manufacture, storage, holding, sale, transport and use of explosives;
- the Royal Decree of 3 March 2010 on placing pyrotechnic items to the market;
- the Royal Decree of 20 October 2015 on placing pyrotechnic items on the market;
- the Ministerial Decree of 7 June 2013 classifying pyrotechnic items;
- the Royal Decree of 12 April 2016 on placing explosives for civil use to market and the corresponding checks;
- the Royal Decree of 12 July 2016 on road or rail transport of flammable substances.
Definition and categorisation of explosives
Explosives are products which may be used for their explosive, combustible or pyrotechnic properties and are classified into one of the following classes and categories:
- Category A: Explosive substances
- 1st category: black powder;
- 2nd category: dynamite and similar explosives;
- 3rd category: smokeless powder;
- 4th category: flame retardant explosives and similar explosives;
- 5th category: damped nitrocellulose with a nitrogen level of over 12.6%;
- 6th category: damped nitrocellulose with a nitrogen level of no more than 12.6%.
- Category B: Ammunition
- 1st category: detonators, and similar items and ammunition;
- 2nd category: ammunition with detonators;
- 3rd category: ammunition without detonators;
- 4th category: phosphorous ammunition;
- 5th category: detonating cord;
- 6th category: safety ammunition.
- Category C: Fireworks
- Group a: spectacle fireworks and accessories;
- Group b: festive fireworks;
- Group c: fireworks for technical use and/or signal fireworks:
Whether explosives are used for entertainment, industrial or military purposes, they must necessarily comply with strict safety requirements and European standards. The General Directorate on Quality and Safety of the FPS Economy, SMEs, Self-Employed and Energy maintains supervision of the application and control of these standards.