Belgian Competition Authority
The Belgian Competition Authority is responsible for promoting and safeguarding an active competition in Belgium.
- To this end it applies the act on the protection of economic competition consolidated on September 15, 2006 (APEC) as well as the community competition rules, such as articles 101 and 102 of the TFEU (ex articles 81 and 82 of the EC treaty) and EC Regulation 1/2003.
- It is part of the European Competition Network (ECN).
- The Competition Authority examines and may impose sanctions on restrictive practices (trusts, agreements, abuse of a dominant position).
- It examines the admissibility of mergers which have possibly a noticeable effect on the market.
- On the other hand, the authority has no jurisdiction in respect of unfair trade.
The Belgian Competition Authority consists of two components:
- the Directorate-General for Competition (Competition Service),
- Council of Competition which consists of
- the tribunal (the Council stricto sensu; hereafter the Council),
- the College of Competition Prosecutors and,
- the Registry.
The Belgian Competition Act also established within the Central Council for the Economy (Centrale Raad voor het Bedrijfsleven / Conseil Central de l’Economie) the Commission for Competition, an advisory body in which the viewpoints of workers and consumers are represented. It has consultative power over the general competition policy.
The Commission for Competition is not a part of the Competition Authority.
It is the duty of the Competition Authority:
- to safeguard and promote an effective competition on Belgian territory.
- to take part in the implementation of the European competition policy.
The Belgian Competition Authority works together with the other competition authorities and is part of the European Competition Network (ECN), the European Competition Authorities (ECA) and the International Competition Network (ICN).
More about the Belgian Competition Authority:
- Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, articles 101 and 102
- Act on the Protection of Economic Competition