Safety of machinery
Machinery is everywhere in our modern society. Not only in industry and the workplace, but also in our everyday life (DIY and gardening tools).
Using machinery is not without risk. Risks can arise from:
- falling objects;
- assembly errors;
- extreme temperatures;
- rotating parts, etc.
Machinery safety is set forth by the Royal Decree of 12 August 2008 on the placing on the market of machinery, which is an implementing decree of the law of 9 February 1994 on the safety of products and services.
After 29/12/2009, the Royal Decree of 5 May 1995 regarding the placing on the market of machinery was cancelled and replaced by the Royal Decree of 12 August 2008 regarding the placing on the market of machinery .
Machinery and safety components must meet basic health and safety requirements.
Before a machine or safety component is placed on the market, the manufacturer must apply one of the established conformity assessment procedures and set up a technical file.
They then draft the ‘CE’ declaration of conformity and affix the CE mark.
Where neither the manufacturer nor their authorised European Union representative meet the above obligations, these obligations are the responsibility of any person placing the machine or safety component on the market.
The same obligations apply to any person assembling machinery or parts of machinery or safety components with different origins or who builds the machine or safety component for their own use
Fundamental changes introduced by the Royal Decree of 12/08/2008 regarding the marketing of machinery:
- This decree shall also apply to quasi-machinery; The corresponding technical file must specify which requirements of the order they comply with;
- The essential health and safety requirements regarding risk assessment are more detailed;
- With regards to the machinery listed in Annex IV (machinery considered dangerous), the manufacturer has 2 possibilities:
- Scenario 1: the manufacturer designs the machine according to a harmonised standard covering all relevant requirements: no intervention by a Notified Body to assess conformity;
- Scenario 2: the manufacturer does not apply harmonised standards, but applies them partially, or the standards applied do not cover all requirements.
relevant: either an EC type examination, or a ‘full quality assurance’ procedure (Annex X).
- Lifts whose speed does not exceed 0.15 m/s are included in the scope; Handheld fixing devices with explosive charge and other impact machinery will fall under the scope of this order from 30/06/2011.
- Sécurité des produits et des services, loi 09-02-1994
- Questions et réponses sur l’interprétation de la loi du 9 février 1994
- Critères de fonctionnement et modalités de contrôle du fonctionnement des organismes intervenants, AR 27-04-2007
- Marquage CE : quoi? Pourquoi? Comment ?
- Guide de sécurité : Mini-motos
- Brochure sur la directive "machines" (2006/42/CE)
- Loi du 9 février 1994 relative à la sécurité des produits et des services
- Arrêté royal du 12 août 2008 concernant la mise sur le marché des machines
- Arrêté royal du 27 avril 2007 déterminant les critères de fonctionnement et les modalités de contrôle du fonctionnement des organismes intervenants
- The Belgian Standardization Body (NBN)
- European Commission : Entreprise and Industry
- European Commission : CE marking
- European Commission : Machinery
- European harmonised standards : Machinery
- European Commission : New Legislative Framework for marketing of products
- European harmonised standards
- Notified bodies
- Federal Public Service (FPS) Employment, Labour and Social Dialogue